The primary objective of the University of Kentucky College of Medicine Trainees in Research Advisory Committee (TRAC) is to develop the trainee community in the College. The TRAC is comprised of faculty, administrative staff, and postdoctoral and graduate student representatives who serve as resources to enhance the training environment for all trainees in the basic and clinical sciences. In addition to the Poster Competition, TRAC programs include a Career Development Seminar Series designed to support trainee professional development.
As a trainee, we invite you to participate in the Annual Trainee Poster Session. In order to provide an opportunity for presentation of data and development of presentation skills, the TRAC has instituted a peer-reviewed poster session. This unique opportunity permits scholars across diverse disciplines to present their work in progress in a friendly environment for constructive feedback. This event will provide the presenters direct feedback on the organization and presentation of their posters. Generous awards will be presented to the best poster presentations. All trainees are encouraged to participate. Each participant is limited to one poster. A call for abstracts usually goes out early in the spring semester. This is a wonderful opportunity to showcase your research and compete for awards.
Sponsored by the Trainees in Research Advisory Committee and Office of Biomedical Education
University of Kentucky
College of Medicine
12th Annual Trainee Poster Session
March 26th, 2020
Gatton Student Center
Abstracts may be submitted on any aspect of original research performed by the trainee at the UK College of Medicine. This includes both basic and clinical research, epidemiological studies, and outcomes research. Abstracts and posters may describe work that has been or will be submitted at other meetings. This is an excellent opportunity to receive feedback on the presentation of data for a meeting in the near future. Abstracts are NOT restricted to work that is completed or near completion. Poster presentations describing the design of new studies and works in progress can and should be submitted as well. Presentation of such data or experimental plans to peers offers an opportunity for the establishment of collaborations.
Abstracts may describe work that has been or will be submitted at other meetings. There is NO fee for participation in this unique opportunity; however, there is a limited number of spaces available. Submitted abstracts will be compiled and distributed to attendees.
Posters cannot be larger than 36" high and 54" wide. The abstract itself should follow the format below and be in Arial, size 12. They should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org in a .doc or .docx format with the subject line "Poster Session Abstract".
Abstracts are due to the above e-mail address by March 12th, 2020.
Secretogranin II is a novel periovulatory gene that is induced by human chorionic gonadotropin in human and rodent granulosa cells
Patrick R. Hannon 1 ● Linah Al-Alem 1 ● Katherine L. Rosewell 1 ● James W. Akin 2 ● Thomas E. Curry, Jr. • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Kentucky ● Bluegrass Fertility Center, Lexington, KY
The events that occur in the ovary following the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge leading to ovulation are paramount for fertility, so much so that defects in ovulation are the leading cause of female infertility. Thus, there is an urgent need to elucidate the mechanisms that control ovulation, including a more thorough understanding of the mediators of ovulation. Evidence from our laboratory suggests that secretogranin II (SCG2) is a potential mediator of ovulation across species. In other tissues, SCG2 is involved in hormone packaging and secretion or is cleaved to peptides that promote leukocyte migration and angiogenesis. These processes are vital for ovulation; however, the characterization and regulation of SCG2 in ovarian function and ovulation is unstudied. Our hypothesis is that the LH surge increases SCG2 levels in human and rodent granulosa cells, via classic LH receptor signaling pathways, to serve as a mediator of ovulation. To test this, women undergoing tubal sterilization were recruited into this study and monitored by transvaginal ultrasound for 2-3 menstrual cycles. The dominant follicle was surgically excised at the preovulatory phase or women were given 250μg hCG and dominant follicles were collected at one of the three time intervals after hCG: early ovulatory (12-18h), late ovulatory (18-34h) and postovulatory (44-70h). Granulosa cells were isolated and processed for mRNA analysis or whole follicles were processed for immunohistochemistry. Our results indicated that hCG significantly increased the mRNA levels of SCG2 in early (15 fold increase), late (19 fold increase), and postovulatory (15 fold increase) granulosa cells when compared to the preovulatory granulosa cells in vivo (n=3-6 patients; p≤0.05). In the whole follicle in vivo, SCG2 protein staining was rather prominent in the theca and stroma across the periovulatory period but increased dramatically in the granulosa cells with hCG treatment. In order to examine the regulation of SCG2 induction, a validated model of cultured granulosa-lutein cells (GLCs) from IVF patients was utilized. GLCs were collected on the day of oocyte retrieval and were allowed to acclimate in culture for 6 days to regain LH/hCG responsiveness. The GLCs were then treated with vehicle control (DMSO), AG1478 (5µM; EGF receptor antagonist), hCG (1 IU), and hCG+AG1478 for 0, 6, 12, and 24h. Similar to the results in vivo, hCG significantly increased the mRNA levels of SCG2 at the 6 (9 fold increase) and 12h (8 fold increase) timepoints when compared to controls; however, the mRNA levels of SCG2 in the hCG+AG1478 groups were significantly reduced by 50% when compared to the hCG group (n=7-10 patients; p≤0.05). To further test our hypothesis in the rodent, the well-characterized immature rodent PMSG/hCG model was utilized. Following 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24h of hCG treatment, ovaries were removed, and follicles were punctured to collect granulosa cells for qPCR analysis in vivo. In mouse granulosa cells, hCG significantly increased the mRNA levels of Scg2 at 4, 8, and 12h when compared to the 0h group (n=5-6 mice; p≤0.05). In rat granulosa cells, hCG significantly increased the mRNA levels of Scg2 at 8 and 12h when compared to the 0h group (n=5-6 rats; p≤0.05). These data are the first to demonstrate that SCG2 is induced by hCG in the human and rodent periovulatory granulosa cell and that EGF receptor signaling partially mediates the hCG-induced increase in human periovulatory SCG2 expression. Supported by P01HD071875, HD057446, and the Lalor Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship.
All trainees in the UK College of Medicine may participate. Postdocs within seven years of earning their terminal degree who may have other title designations may apply.
Each poster and presentation will be evaluated separately by at least two judges from the College of Medicine on the basis of (1) abstract, (2) poster quality, (3) oral presentation of poster and research. Cash prizes in amounts of $700, $500, and $300 will be awarded to the top three postdoctoral posters. These presenters will also have the opportunity to present at the Dean's Distinguished Lecture Series in early May, 2020 (TBD). Prizes will also be awarded to top graduate student and undergraduate posters. Participants are required to be present for the judging of their poster.
First Place ($700): Meenakshi Banerjee - Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, “Endocytosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) activates platelets”
Second Place ($500): Ivan Vechetti - Department of Physiology, “Exercise-induced exosomal myomiR regulation of adipocyte metabolism”
Third Place ($300): Brad Hubbard - Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center, “Acute mitochondrial impairment underlies prolonged cellular dysfunction after repeated mild traumatic brain injuries”
First Place ($700): Ramon Sun - "Ubiquitin-dependent nuclear glycogenolysis results in transcriptional activation"
Second Place ($500): Hisashi Sawada - "LRP1 deletion in smooth muscle cells of the outer aortic media promotes angiotensin II-induced thoracic aortic aneurysm"
Third Place ($300): Rakshamani Tripathi - "Abl and Arg mediate cysteine cathepsin secretion to facilitate melanoma invasion and metastasis"
1st Place ($700): Dr. Patrick Hannon - “Secretogranin II is a novel periovulatory gene that is induced by human chorionic gonadotropin in human and rodent granulosa cells”, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
2nd Place ($500): Dr. Nicolás Cifuentes-Muñoz - “Imaging the replication and assembly of the human metapneumovirus (HMPV) genome”, Department of Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry
3rd Place ($300): Dr. Wen Wen - “Ethanol induces ER-stress and the expression of mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor in neuroblastoma cells”, Department of Pharmacology & Nutritional Sciences
1st Place ($700): Dr. Prabhakara Nagareddy - “Myelopoiesis following myocardial ischemia (MI) involves activation of the Nlrp3 inflammasome by neutrophil-derived S100a8/a9”, Saha Cardiovascular Research Center
2nd Place ($500): Dr. Catalina Velez-Ortega - “Ionic current through mechanotransduction channels drives actin core remodeling at the tips of auditory hair cell stereocilia”, Department of Physiology
3rd Place ($300): Dr. Madushi Raththagala - “Structural mechanism of laforin function in glycogen dephosphorylation and lafora disease”, Department of Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry